Table of Contents
Introduction
Welcome to your ultimate guide on GRE Arithmetic! If you’re planning to ace the GRE, understanding the arithmetic section is crucial. This guide aims to walk you through everything you need to know about GRE Arithmetic, from its importance, preparation strategies, and syllabus, to the types of questions, practice tests, scores, and more. We’ve broken it down into digestible sections, ensuring you get tips and tricks for GRE Arithmetic preparation in a straightforward, conversational manner. So, let’s dive right in!
Importance of GRE Arithmetic
When you start preparing for the GRE, you’ll find that Arithmetic isn’t just another part of the test. It’s your chance to show off your math skills. Think of it as the building blocks for all the other math you’ll need to do. It’s like learning how to walk before you can run. This section tests how well you know basic math like adding, subtracting, multiplying, and understanding numbers and how they work together.
Why Focus on GRE Arithmetic?
 A Key Part of Your Score: GRE Arithmetic is a big chunk of the math section of the GRE. How well you do here can really change your overall score. So, if you want a high score, you need to nail this part.
 Builds Confidence: Once you get good at arithmetic, the rest of the GRE math will feel easier. It’s like warming up before a big game. This warmup makes you feel ready for whatever comes next.
 Useful Beyond the Test: The cool thing about arithmetic is that it’s not just for the GRE. You’ll use these skills in grad school and in real life, like when you’re figuring out if you have enough money to buy something.
Making GRE Arithmetic Your Strength
Becoming great at GRE Arithmetic isn’t about memorizing a bunch of math formulas. It’s about really understanding what the numbers mean and how to work with them. Here’s how you can make arithmetic your strength:
 Understand the Basics: It’s all about starting with the basics. Make sure you really get how to do the simple stuff, like adding and multiplying. This might seem easy, but these are the skills you’ll use to solve harder problems.
 Have a Strategy: When you study, don’t just go through the motions. Have a plan. Focus on the main ideas and practice them in different ways. This will help you understand better and remember longer.
 Practice Applying What You Learn: It’s not enough to just read about math. You have to try solving problems yourself. This helps you see how what you’re learning fits into real questions you might see on the GRE.
How to Prepare for GRE Arithmetic?
Getting ready for the GRE Arithmetic section is a bit like training for a sports event. You need to build up your skills, use the right tools, and keep practicing until you’re at your best. Here’s a stepbystep guide to help you do just that, in very simple terms.
1. Understand the Basics
 Start with the Simple Stuff: Before you try to solve hard problems, make sure you really understand the simple ones. This means knowing how to work with numbers, fractions (like half of a cake), decimals (numbers with a point, like 1.5), percentages (like when you find 50% of 100), and basic math operations (adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing).
 Why It’s Important: Imagine building a house. If the foundation isn’t strong, the whole house can fall down. It’s the same with math. If you don’t understand the basics, the harder stuff will be much more difficult.
2. Use Quality Study Materials
 Pick the Best Books: There are lots of books out there to help you prepare, but they’re not all good. Look for books or online resources that explain things clearly, offer lots of practice questions, and give you strategies for solving arithmetic problems.
 Why Good Materials Matter: Think of it like using the right ingredients in a recipe. If you use the good stuff, the end result is much better. Good study materials make learning easier and more effective.
3. Practice Regularly
 Make It a Habit: Just like exercising, you need to practice math regularly. Set aside some time every day to work through arithmetic problems. Start with easy ones and slowly move to harder problems as you get better.
 Why Practice Helps: Practice makes perfect. The more you practice, the better you’ll get at solving problems quickly and correctly. It’s like learning to play a musical instrument. The more you play, the better musician you become.
4. Learn the Tricks
 Know Some Shortcuts: While it’s important to understand how to solve problems stepbystep, some tricks and shortcuts can help you save time during the test. For example, there might be a quick way to solve a problem that you’d normally need a lot of steps for.
 Where to Find Them: These tips and tricks can often be found in good study guides or online. They’re like secret paths that can get you to the answer faster.
 Why Tricks Help: In the GRE, time is limited. Knowing a few shortcuts can help you answer more questions in less time. Think of it as having a fastforward button during the test.
GRE Arithmetic Syllabus
When you’re getting ready to conquer the GRE Arithmetic section, it’s like setting off on a big adventure. You need to know what to pack! In this case, your “packing list” includes the math topics you need to study. Let’s look at what these topics are:
1. Basic Arithmetic Operations
 What It Means: This is like the ABCs of math. You need to be good at adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing numbers. These are the basic steps you’ll use to solve almost all math problems.
2. Numbers and Their Properties
 What It Means: Numbers come in different types, like whole numbers (1, 2, 3, and so on), fractions (like 1/2), decimals (3.14), and integers (whole numbers including negative numbers like 1, 2, 3). You need to understand how these numbers work and how they can be combined or compared.
3. Percentages and Ratios
 What It Means: Percentages are like telling you a part of something out of 100. For example, if 50% of a class are boys, it means 50 out of 100 students are boys, even if the class doesn’t have 100 students! Ratios are another way to compare things, like if there are 2 boys for every 3 girls in a class.
4. Powers and Roots
 What It Means: Powers are when you multiply a number by itself (like 2 times 2 times 2 is 2 to the power of 3, written as 2^3). Roots are kind of the opposite; finding the square root of 9 means finding which number times itself gives you 9 (which is 3).
5. Arithmetic Word Problems
 What It Means: These are story problems where you have to use math to find the answer. It might be about two trains traveling at different speeds or figuring out how much paint you need to cover a wall.
GRE Arithmetic Question Types
Now, let’s talk about the types of questions you’ll see in the GRE Arithmetic section. It’s like knowing the kinds of challenges you’ll face on your adventure.
1. Multiple Choice
 What It Means: These questions give you several answers to choose from. Only one is correct. It’s like guessing the right door to open where there’s only one key that fits.
2. Quantitative Comparison
 What It Means: Here, you have to compare two quantities and decide how they relate to each other. Are they equal? Is one bigger than the other? It’s like looking at two piles of apples and deciding which pile has more apples or if they have the same number.
3. Numeric Entry
 What It Means: For these questions, there aren’t any choices given. You have to come up with the answer on your own and type it in. It’s like being asked how many books you read last month; no one’s giving you options, you just know the number.
GRE Arithmetic Practice Tests and Preparation Books
GRE Arithmetic Practice Tests
Think of practice tests as dress rehearsals for the main event – the actual GRE test. They help you get used to the kind of questions you’ll see, the format of the test, and even how to manage your time. Here’s why they’re super important:
1. Feel the Real Test
 What It Means: Practice tests are like a simulation of the real GRE Arithmetic section. They give you a taste of what the actual test day will feel like, so it’s less scary and you feel more prepared.
2. Spot Your Weaknesses
 What It Means: As you take more practice tests, you’ll start to see patterns in the mistakes you make. Maybe you always get mixed up with percentages, or maybe word problems trip you up. Knowing this lets you focus on getting better in those areas.
3. Get Better at Timing
 What It Means: There’s a time limit on the GRE, and practice tests help you get used to that. You’ll learn how to pace yourself, so you have enough time to tackle all the questions without rushing.
4. Build Confidence
 What It Means: The more you practice, the more you’ll see your scores improve. This is a big boost to your confidence. It’s like seeing yourself run faster or play an instrument better with practice.
Preparation Books
Book Title 
Why It’s Good 
What to Focus On 
Official GRE Quantitative Reasoning Practice Questions 
It’s made by the same people who make the GRE. This means the questions are very close to what you’ll see on the test. 
Practice with real test questions and focus on understanding the explanations for each answer. 
Manhattan Prep GRE Set of 8 Strategy Guides 
These books are very detailed. They explain lots of strategies and have lots of practice problems. 
Use these books to learn strategies for solving different kinds of math problems and to practice a lot. 
5 lb. Book of GRE Practice Problems by Manhattan Prep 
It has over 1,800 practice problems. That’s a lot! It gives you lots of chances to practice. 
Do lots of practice problems to get better at solving different types of questions quickly. 
The Princeton Review GRE Math Workout 
This book is good for learning tricks and tips to solve problems faster. 
Focus on learning shortcuts and better ways to solve tricky questions. 
McGrawHill Education Conquering GRE Math 
It’s a comprehensive guide that starts with the basics and then moves to more complicated topics. 
Start with this book if you need to build your basics and gradually move to tougher problems. 
GRE Arithmetic Scores
When you take the GRE, especially the math part, you get a score that tells you and the schools you’re applying to how well you did. The Arithmetic part is a big piece of this math score. Let’s unpack how this works and what it means for you:
Your Score Range
 What It Means: For the math part of the GRE, scores go from 130 to 170. Each question you answer correctly moves your score up. The better you do on the Arithmetic questions, the higher your math score will go.
Why It Matters
 For Your Applications: Schools look at your GRE scores to decide if you’re a good fit for their programs. A good score in the math section, including Arithmetic, can make a strong case for your application, especially if you’re going into a field that uses a lot of math.
 For You: Your score helps you see where you stand. If you do really well, you know you’ve got a good grasp of math basics. If you don’t do as well as you hoped, it points out where you might need to study more.
How to Improve
 Practice: Just like in sports or music, the more you practice, the better you get. Doing lots of math problems, especially ones similar to what’s on the GRE, can help raise your score.
 Focus on Weak Spots: If there are certain types of math problems that are hard for you, spend more time on those. Getting better at your weakest points can help bump up your overall score.
 Test Strategies: Sometimes, knowing how to take the test can help. This includes managing your time well, guessing smartly when you don’t know an answer, and using shortcuts to solve problems faster.
What Next?
 Keep Practicing: Even if you get a score you’re happy with, keep practicing until test day. This keeps your math skills sharp.
 Review Your Mistakes: When you practice, don’t just move on if you get a problem wrong. Look at it closely to understand your mistake and learn how to avoid it next time.
Key Takeaways
1. Importance of GRE Arithmetic: Mastering the GRE Arithmetic is crucial not just for a high score in the quantitative section, but also for showcasing your analytical skills and foundational math knowledge to graduate programs.
2. Start with the Basics: Solidifying your grasp of basic arithmetic operations, numbers, fractions, decimals, and percentages is the first step towards conquering more complex GRE math problems.
3. Quality Study Materials Are Key: Selecting the right preparation books and resources that offer clear explanations, strategies, and plenty of practice questions is essential for effective study.
4. Consistent Practice Is Essential: Regular practice reinforces arithmetic concepts, enhances problemsolving speed, and builds confidence. It’s like muscle memory for your brain.
5. Embrace Shortcuts and Tricks: Learning and applying math shortcuts can significantly reduce your problemsolving time on the test, allowing you to work through questions more efficiently.
6. Understand the GRE Arithmetic Syllabus: Knowing exactly what topics are covered (e.g., operations, properties of numbers, percentages, powers and roots) focuses your study and practice on the right areas.
7. Familiarize Yourself with Question Types: Being comfortable with the various types of questions (multiple choice, quantitative comparison, numeric entry) you’ll encounter will reduce surprises and increase your efficiency.
8. Use Practice Tests Wisely: Simulated exams help you experience the test’s timing and pressure, identify weak areas for further review, and improve your testtaking strategy.
9. Score Interpretation and Improvement: Understanding how your GRE arithmetic score fits into your overall quantitative score helps identify improvement areas, emphasizing the importance of targeted practice.
10. Continuous Learning and Review: Engaging in a cycle of practicing, reviewing mistakes, and refining techniques ensures steady improvement and readiness for test day.
FAQ

What is GRE Arithmetic?
GRE Arithmetic is a part of the GRE quantitative reasoning section. It tests your knowledge of basic math concepts like numbers, operations, fractions, decimals, and percentages.

Why is GRE Arithmetic important?
It’s important because it shows your ability to handle basic math, which is essential for graduatelevel studies. A good score can boost your overall GRE performance.

How can I start preparing for GRE Arithmetic?
Begin by understanding the basics of arithmetic, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. Then, use quality study materials to practice these concepts.

What kind of study materials should I use?
Choose study materials that provide clear explanations, practical strategies, and lots of practice questions. Official GRE materials and wellreviewed prep books are good options.

How often should I practice GRE Arithmetic?
Practice regularly, ideally every day. Consistent practice helps improve your understanding and speed in solving arithmetic problems.

Are there any shortcuts for solving GRE Arithmetic problems?
Yes, there are shortcuts and strategies that can save time. Good prep books and online resources can teach you these tricks.

What topics are covered in the GRE Arithmetic syllabus?
The syllabus includes basic arithmetic operations, numbers and their properties, percentages and ratios, powers and roots, and word problems.

What types of questions will I see in the GRE Arithmetic section?
You’ll encounter multiplechoice questions, quantitative comparison questions, and numeric entry questions.

How do GRE Arithmetic scores affect my overall GRE score?
Your performance in the Arithmetic section influences your quantitative reasoning score, which ranges from 130 to 170. A higher score in Arithmetic can boost your overall quantitative score.

What should I do if I’m struggling with GRE Arithmetic?
Focus on identifying and strengthening your weak areas. Use practice tests to diagnose these weaknesses, review concepts thoroughly, and consider seeking additional help through tutoring or study groups.
In conclusion, we hope this guide has given you the key aspects of GRE scores for you. Understanding how the GRE is scored, what constitutes a good score, and how it impacts your graduate school application is crucial in your journey toward higher education. Remember, preparing for the GRE is not just about mastering the content, but also about understanding how the test works and what your target programs are looking for.
If you found this article helpful, we encourage you to explore our other resources for more insights and guidance. Whether you are just starting your GRE preparation or looking to refine your strategies, our comprehensive articles, tips, and study tools are designed to support you at every step. Good luck on your GRE journey, and may your efforts open the doors to your academic and professional aspirations!